Institute of Commercial Management | Qualification Subject

Leadership Studies

Main Topics of Study

The Nature of Leadership

  • Definitions of leadership
  • Leadership effectiveness
  • Major research approaches
  • Conceptualising leadership
  • Comparing leadership theories

Nature of Managerial Work

  • Activity patterns of managerial work
  • Content of managerial work
  • Theory of demands, constraints, choices
  • Research on situational determinants
  • The changing nature of managerial work
  • Managerial discretion
  • Descriptive research
  • Application for managers

Perspectives on Effective Leadership Behaviour

  • Ohio state leadership studies
  • Michigan leadership studies
  • Limitations of survey research
  • Experiments on task and relations behaviour
  • Research using critical incidents
  • High-high leader
  • Leadership behaviour taxonomies
  • Specific task behaviours
  • Specific relations behaviours
  • Evaluating the behaviour approach

Participative Leadership, Delegation and Empowerment

  • Nature of participative leadership
  • Consequences of participation
  • Research on effects of participative leadership
  • Normative decision model
  • Guidelines for participative research
  • Delegation
  • Guidelines for delegating
  • Empowerment

Dyadic Role-Making Theories

  • Leader-member exchange theory
  • Leader attributions about subordinates
  • Follower attributions and implicit theories
  • Follower contributions to effective leadership
  • Self-management
  • Integrating leader and follower roles

Power and Influence

  • Conceptions of power and authority
  • Power types and sources
  • Acquiring and losing power
  • Consequences of position and personal power
  • Types of influence behaviour
  • Power and influence behaviour
  • Research on influence tactics

Managerial Traits and Skills

  • Nature of traits and skills
  • Early research on leader traits and skills
  • Major research programmes of research on leader traits
  • Managerial traits and effectiveness
  • Managerial skills and effectiveness
  • Other relevant competencies
  • Situational relevance of skills
  • Evaluation of trait research
  • Application guidelines

Contingency Theories of Effective Leadership

  • LPC contingency model
  • Path-goal theory of leadership
  • Leadership substitutes theory
  • The multiple-linkage model
  • Cognitive resources theory
  • Evaluation of contingency theories
  • Application guidelines

Charismatic and Transformational Leadership

  • Early theories
  • Attribution theory of charismatic leadership
  • Self-concept theory of charismatic leadership
  • Other conceptions of charisma; consequences of charismatic leadership
  • Transformational leadership
  • Research on theories; transformational versus charismatic leadership
  • Evaluation of theories
  • Guidelines for transformational leadership

Leading Change in Organisations

  • Change processes
  • Different types of organisational change
  • Influencing organisational culture
  • Developing a vision
  • Implementing change
  • Increasing innovation and learning

Leadership in Teams and Decision Groups

  • Nature of teams
  • Functional teams
  • Cross-functional teams
  • Self-managed work teams
  • Self-defining teams
  • Virtual teams
  • Procedures for facilitating team learning
  • Guidelines for team building
  • Decision-making in groups
  • Leadership functions in meetings
  • Guidelines for leading meetings

Strategic Leadership

  • Constraints on executive discretion
  • Attributions about chief executives
  • Research on effects of leadership succession
  • Evolutionary change and strategic leadership
  • Political power and strategic leadership
  • Executive tenure and strategic leadership
  • Executive teams
  • Competing values in strategic leadership
  • Monitoring the environment
  • Formulating strategy

Developing Leadership Skills

  • Leadership training programmes
  • Designing effective training
  • Techniques for leadership training
  • Learning from experience
  • Developmental activities
  • Self-help activities
  • Facilitating conditions for leadership development
  • Systems perspective on leadership development

Ethical Leadership and Diversity

  • Ethical leadership
  • Gender and leadership
  • Leadership in different cultures
  • Managing diversity

Example Candidate Response Booklet

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Recommended Reading

Main Text:

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Leadership in Organizations – Gary Yukl (Prentice Hall)

Indicative Text:

Alternative Text and Further Reading:

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Not Bosses But Leaders – John Adair (Talbot Adair)

On Becoming a Leader – Warren Bennis (Century)

The Leadership Factor – J Kotter (Free Press)

Leadership – J M Burns (Harper & Row)

Leading Minds – H Gardner (Harper Collins)

Leading Change – J Kotter (Harvard Business School Press)

Making it Happen, Reflections on Leadership – John Harvey-Jones (Fontana)

Super Leadership – C Manz & H Sims (Prentice Hall) Leadership Theories

Practical Leadership

Developing Leaders – John Adair (Talbot Adair). Management Teams, Why They Succeed or Fail – R Meredith Belbin (Heinemann). The Wisdom of Teams – Jon Katzenbach & Douglas Smith (Harvard Business School). Understanding Motivation – John Adair (Talbot Adair). Games People Play – Eric Berne (Penguin)

Leadership & Change

Intelligent Leadership: Creating a Passion for Change – Alan Hooper & J Potter (Random House). The Coming Shape of Organisations – R Meredith Belbin (Butterworth Heinemann). Rethinking Organisation: New Directions in Organisation Theory & Analysis – M Reed & M Hughes (Sage). Managing Today & Tomorrow – R Stewart (Macmillan). The Future of Leadership – R P White, P Hodgson & C Crainer (Pitman). Beyond Certainty – Charles Handy (Arrow Business Books). The Fifth Discipline – P Senge (Doubleday/Currency). Competing for the Future – G Hamel & CK Prahalad (Harvard Business School Press)