Institute of Commercial Management | Qualification Subject

Characteristics Of World Destinations

Main Topics of Study

Introduction to the Geography of Tourism

  • Leisure, recreation and tourism
  • Geography and tourism
  • Forms of Tourism

The Geography of Demand for Tourism

  • Leisure, recreation and tourism – a basic human right?
  • The demand for tourism – concepts and definitions
  • Effective demand
  • Suppressed demand

The Geography of Resources for Tourism

  • Introduction
  • Resources for tourism
  • Tourism resources at the world scale
  • Tourism resources at the national scale
  • Tourism resources at the local scale

Climate and Tourism

  • Introduction
  • The world climate scene
  • Climate elements and tourism
  • World climate
  • World climate zones

The Geography of Transport for Travel and Tourism

  • Introduction
  • Principles of interaction
  • The elements of transport
  • Transport costs and pricing
  • Transport modes, routes and networks
  • Air transport
  • Surface transport

Introduction to the Geography of Europe

  • Introduction
  • Physical features
  • Cultural features
  • Tourism demand
  • Supply of tourism
  • The organisation of tourism in Europe

Introduction to the Geography of Britain

  • Introduction
  • The physical setting of tourism
  • Change in postwar British society
  • Demand for tourism in British form
  • British residents’ demand for tourism
  • The supply of tourism in Britain

The Tourism Geography of England and the Channel Islands

  • The South
  • The South-West
  • East Anglia
  • The Midlands
  • The North
  • The Offshore Islands

The Tourism Geography of Scotland, Wales and The Isle of Man

  • Scotland
  • Wales

The Tourism Geography of Ireland

  • An introduction
  • The Republic of Ireland
  • Northern Ireland

Scandinavia

  • Introduction
  • Denmark
  • Norway
  • Sweden
  • Finland
  • Iceland

The Benelux Countries

  • Introduction
  • The Netherlands
  • Belgium
  • Luxembourg

Central Europe

  • Introduction
  • Austria
  • Switzerland
  • Germany

France

  • Introduction
  • The demand for tourism in France
  • The supply of tourism in France
  • Tourism organisation in France
  • Tourist regions in France

Spain and Portugal

  • Introduction
  • Spain
  • Gibraltar
  • Portugal

Italy

  • Introduction
  • The organisation and supply of tourism
  • Tourism demand
  • Tourism attractions and resources

Malta, Greece and Cyprus

  • Introduction
  • Malta
  • Greece
  • Cyprus

Eastern Europe and The CIS

  • Introduction
  • Tourism resources of Eastern Europe
  • The Czech Republic
  • Slovakia (The Slovak Republic)
  • Hungary
  • Poland
  • The Baltic States
  • The Balkan Countries
  • The Republics of the Former Yugoslavia
  • Albania
  • The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)

The Middle East

  • Introduction
  • Egypt
  • Israel
  • Jordan
  • Syria
  • Lebanon
  • Turkey
  • The Arbanian Peninsula
  • Iran & Iraq

Africa and The Islands of the Indian Ocean

  • Introduction
  • North Africa
  • East Africa
  • Southern Africa
  • The Islands of the Western Indian Ocean
  • West Africa
  • Central Africa
  • The Atlantic Islands

South Asia

  • Introduction
  • India
  • Pakistan
  • Bangladesh
  • Afghanistan
  • The Maldives
  • Sri Lanka
  • Nepal
  • Bhutan

East Asia

  • Introduction
  • South East Asia
  • The Far East

North America

  • Introduction
  • The United States
  • The demand for tourism
  • The supply of resources
  • Transport
  • Accommodation
  • The regional setting for tourism
  • Canada
  • Tourism resources
  • Transport
  • The regional setting for tourism
  • Greenland (Kalaallit Nunaat)

Latin America and The Caribbean

  • Introduction
  • The Caribbean Islands
  • Mexico
  • Central America
  • South America

Australasia

  • Introduction
  • Australia
  • New Zealand
  • The Pacific Islands
  • Antarctica

Example Candidate Response Booklet

Example Candidate Response (ECR) Booklets are a source of crucial information for Centres and Candidates as they use real candidate responses. We ask Senior Examiners to comment on five or more responses in terms of why the mark was awarded with commentary about how to improve the answer (if necessary).

Recommended Reading

Main Text:

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Boniface and Cooper (2016) Worldwide Destinations: The Geography of Travel and Tourism 7th edition

(This text should be used in conjunction with a good atlas to develop awareness of the location of destinations)

Indicative Text:

Alternative Text and Further Reading:

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World Travel Guide – (Columbus Press)Relevant Tour Operators’