Competency Based Qualification

Facial Skin Care Treatments

Unit Aim

The aim of this unit is to provide Learners with the knowledge, understanding and skills to prepare for and perform facial skin care treatments.

Unit Content

1 Know how to prepare for a facial skin care treatment

  • Prepare self
  • Prepare the client
  • Prepare salon area, tools and equipment for a facial skin care treatment
  • Consultation techniques: 
  • ~Questioning
  • ~Listening
  • ~Written
  • ~Visual
  • ~Visual aids
  • ~Language
  • ~Reference to records/history of skin
  • Individual client needs:
  • ~Audience
  • ~Equality, diversity and inclusivity
  • ~Perceptions
  • Skin analysis 
  • Skin type: 
  • ~Dry
  • ~Oily
  • ~Combination
  • ~Balanced
  • Skin condition
  • ~Maturer skin
  • ~Younger skin
  • ~Sensitive
  • ~Dehydrated
  • ~Blemishes
  • ~Papules
  • ~Pustules
  • ~Milia
  • ~Comedones
  • ~Broken capillaries
  • ~Hyperpigmentation
  • ~Hypopigmentation
  • ~Pseudofolliculitis
  • Importance of a skin analysis
  • Importance of establishing the clients’ objectives
  • Facial treatment plan
  • Risks of self-heating masks
  • Importance of skin tests
  • Importance of adhering to facial skin care plan
  • Contra-indications that restrict the facial skin care treatment
  • Contra-indications that prevent the facial skin care treatment
  • Importance of identifying contra-indications
  • Importance of referring clients for medical advice

2 Be able to prepare for facial skin care treatments

  • Complete a consultation for a facial skin care treatment
  • Perform a skin analysis
  • Client objectives
  • Client understanding of proposed facial treatment plan
  • Record client information and consent

3 Know how to perform facial skin care treatments

  • Products: 
  • ~Eye make-up remover
  • ~Cleanser
  • ~Toner
  • ~Moisturising products
  • ~Face masks
  • ~Exfoliating products
  • Tools
  • Equipment
  • Skin warming techniques
  • Massage mediums
  • Perform a facial skin care treatment:
  • ~Eye and lip cleanse
  • ~First cleanse (superficial cleanse)
  • Skin analysis:
  • ~Second cleanse (deep cleanse)
  • ~Tone
  • ~Blot the skin with a tissue
  • ~Steam
  • ~Exfoliation
  • ~Extraction
  • ~Mask application
  • ~Mask removal
  • ~Tone
  • ~Moisturise
  • ~Sun protection application
  • Contra-action(s)
  • Necessary action for effectively managing contra-action(s)
  • Cold compress
  • Aftercare advice:
  • ~Suitable aftercare products and their use
  • ~Avoidance of activities which may cause contra-actions
  • ~Homecare advice
  • ~Recommended time intervals between facial treatments

4 Be able to perform facial skin care treatments

  • Select products, tools and equipment for a facial skin care treatment
  • Manual comedone extraction
  • Massage techniques
  • Take action to effectively manage contra-action(s)
  • Keep correct records
  • Communication and behaviour

5 Know the principles of working safely when preparing for and performing facial skin care treatments

  • Hygienic and safe working practices
  • Control measures for hazardous substances
  • Environmental and sustainable working practices
  • Importance of keeping work area clean and tidy
  • Importance of adhering to manufacturer’s instructions
  • Importance of complying with ethical practice
  • Importance of monitoring health, safety and wellbeing

6 Work safely and effectively when preparing for and performing facial skin care treatments 

  • Cleanliness of work area, tools and equipment
  • Client positioning
  • Self-positioning

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