Institute of Commercial Management | Qualification Subject

Retail Environment (The)

Main Topics of Study

Main Topics of Study:

  • History, background and development of the retail concept
  • UK and global retailers
  • The effect of retail upon economies
  • Different types of retail operations
  • Independent and niche retailers
  • High street and national chains
  • The changing face of the high street
  • The rise of the shopping mall
  • Out of town retail
  • Survival and other retail strategies

Example Candidate Response Booklet

Example Candidate Response (ECR) Booklets are a source of crucial information for Centres and Candidates as they use real candidate responses. We ask Senior Examiners to comment on five or more responses in terms of why the mark was awarded with commentary about how to improve the answer (if necessary).

Recommended Reading

Main Text:

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Fernie, Fernie & Moore Principles of Retailing, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Indicative Text:

Alternative Text and Further Reading: