Institute of Commercial Management | Qualification Subject

Port Operations & Management

Main Topics of Study

Introduction to ports and their functions

  • The role of ports in international trade and transport
  • Seaports and their functions in the 21st century
  • The effect of globalisation on ports, logistics and distribution patterns
  • Criteria used for port location
  • Access, flexibility and interface with other transport modes
  • Hub ports; feeder transhipment
  • Types of port ownership and current trends

Legal aspects of port management

  • Port constitutions and legal framework of ownership
  • National legislation, port laws and bye-laws
  • Government’s role in financing port development

Port planning

  • Government port development
  • Port planning and project planning
  • Infrastructure/operating structure
  • Joint ventures, financing and management
  • Berth occupancy, service time, waiting time, capacity calculations
  • Layout, physical constraints and terminal planning
  • Flow analysis
  • Analysis of key environmental issues

Port ownership

  • Differing types of ownership in the public and private sectors
  • Deregulation
  • Methods of privatisation; sale of shares, management buyouts
  • Lease contract and joint ventures

Finance of port operations

  • Budgeting
  • Control of capital and revenue expenditure
  • Project evaluation and review techniques
  • Capital investment appraisal
  • Analysis and monitoring of direct and indirect costs
  • Analysis of performance
  • Appraisal of finance and economics of port proposals and traffic forecasting

Port equipment

  • Port buildings
  • Large handling equipment
  • Trends in vessels and cargo handling
  • Vessel size
  • Procurement and materials management

Port management 1

  • Structure
  • Organisation of activities performance measurement
  • Marine operations – conservancy, dredging, navigation aids etc.
  • Avoidance of congestion

Port management 2

  • Role of trade unions, labour organisations and ITF
  • Statutory bodies. Customs, immigration, port health, marine safety
  • Needs of port users, owners, operators, agents, forwarders
  • Information flow

Port security management

  • Importance of safety management
  • Prevention of terrorism
  • Illegal immigration, theft and smuggling

Port competition and marketing

  • Nature of national and international port competition
  • Market information trade growth, vessel development, commercial needs, financial viability
  • Location, vessel transit times and port rotation
  • Role of shipowners/operators, shippers, receivers, freight contractors, forwarders promotion to potential users
  • Impact of inland transportation

Port pricing

  • Nature and type of port charges
  • Cost factors in pricing, infrastructure, navigation services, equipment, staff and labour etc
  • Pricing policy and mechanisms
  • Effect of competition on pricing policy
  • Demand influences
  • Regulatory mechanisms

Recommended Reading

Main Text:

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Port Management and Operations - P. Anderton (Lloyd’s Practical Shipping Guides)

Indicative Text:

Alternative Text and Further Reading:

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Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management A.Branch ( Routledge)

Export Practice and Management A.Branch ( Routledge)

Lloyd’s List and Shipping Gazette