This unit introduces students to the different phases of production and roles and responsibilities of the production crew. Students will develop their skills and draw from other units to practically plan and produce video items.
1 Understand the production process and roles and responsibilities of a production crew
- Stages of film and video production e.g. pre-production, production, post-production
- Pre-production stage e.g. concept development and proposal, create storyboard, script breakdown, screenplay, establish budget, create shooting schedule and shot list, hire crew and agree contracts, location scouting, casting, set and costume design, rehearsal
- Production e.g. filming at the relevant locations, lighting, props, sound
- Post-production e.g. cut and edit footage, adjust colour grades, mix audio, add visual effects, add animation and simulated objects, fixing mistakes, shooting pick-up-shots
- Film production crew e.g. director of photography, camera operator, assistant cameras, Grip, Gaffer, boom operator, production designer, script supervisor, production runner/assistant, post-production runner, assistant to the camera crew.
- Production management e.g. production schedule, deadlines and shooting schedule, location recces, logistics and risk assessments, cast list and contact details, equipment and studio/location hire, working with actors
2 Demonstrate the safe setup, operation and movement of a single camera
- Exposure e.g. ISO, aperture, shutter speed
- Camera angles e.g. birds’ eye, high angle, eye level, low angle, 180-degree rule
- Shot Types e.g. establishing shot, master shot, tracking shots, cutaways
- Shot framing e.g. wide shot, mid shot, medium close-up, extreme close-up, point of view (POV), over-the-shoulder, three angle shooting, shot-reverse-shot and the 180-degree rule
- Camera movement e.g. dollying, trucking and panning, zooming, dolly zoom or ‘trombone shot’, focus pulling.
3 Demonstrate the set up and use of lighting equipment
- Uses of lighting e.g. shadowing, creation of atmospheric effects, obscuring of detail to provoke imagination, performance-based spotlighting, strobing, lighting to convey mood, lighting to create contrast, modelling of light, time of day, natural conditions
- Lighting setups e.g. three-point lighting, four-point lighting, stage lights, lighting for portraiture, lighting for factual programming.
- Lighting equipment e.g. portable lighting equipment e.g. redheads, blondes, practicals, barn doors, board reflectors, diffuser, scrim, lighting gels, cutters, dimmer
- Purposes e.g. quality and positioning e.g. hard and soft light, key, fill and back lighting, directional lighting
- Safe use of lighting equipment e.g. sequence of operations, checking of equipment, conducting risk assessments, storing after use.
4 Demonstrate the application of basic post-production techniques
- Image editing e.g. specified running time, continuity, transitions to form narrative, pace.
- Complete the editing of digital material e.g. managing storage and folder management of original footage, importing and organising clips, selecting clips, checking clips for technical or continuity faults, producing a rushes log, scheduling and production milestones, setting up a sequence in an appropriate format, stages of editing, producing an edit decision list, techniques and conventions to create the intended impact on the audience, exporting the final sequence in an appropriate format
- Sound editing e.g. transitions to form narrative, dialogue as generic convention, music as generic convention.
- Complete the editing of digital sound material e.g. produce edit list with timings, edit each clip according to requirements, export each clip to relevant storage device.