This unit is designed to build on the knowledge and understanding and the skills developed in Introduction to Scriptwriting. In this unit, students will further develop their scriptwriting skills to produce an extended script for a film or TV product in which they develop complex plots and multifaceted characters. In addition to this, students will consider how to use character, shot and camera direction within their scripts. Students will produce scripts which uphold legal and ethical standards in scriptwriting.
1: Understand the formats of scripts for film and TV products
- Script formats e.g. use of standard font, page layout, use of abbreviations and generic terminology, page headers and footers, page numbering, colour coding and style.
- Media sectors e.g. radio, television, computer games, film
- Style of script e.g. house styles, signposting, in and out cues, genre of product, tone and mode of address.
- Information required in a script e.g. depending on media product type.
- Character direction e.g. description, movement
- Camera direction e.g. basic camera movements, prepositions etc.
- Shot descriptors e.g. close-ups, angles, zooms etc.
- Production team information e.g. set, costume and direction suggestions
- Script considerations for different genres e.g. entertainment and factual programming.
- How scripts are produced to appeal to or directly relate to different audiences e.g. differentiated by age, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic background and geographic location.
- Legal considerations e.g. copyright, blasphemy, obscenity law, libel, defamation and plagiarism.
- Ethical considerations e.g. taste, decency, offensive content, censorship, representation of events or individuals.
- The importance of intellectual copyright.
2: Understand how to produce original creative writing
- Plot and plot development e.g. seven basic plots, use of more than one plot, use of sub-plots, mapping key plot events
- Use of language e.g. rhythm and tone to engage, excite or evoke emotion, providing clarity and direction, structuring and developing narrative and story arcs, the construction of wider, long-running narratives, use of persuasive language, terminology, tone and syntax to promote and convince listeners or viewers of a message or meaning.
- Use of language in speech e.g. dialect, slang, regional accents, colloquial terms, jargon, politically sensitive language, verbal shorthand and buzzwords.
- Clarity and intended meaning of language e.g. use of ambiguity, innuendo, ambiguity, hidden meanings, allusion, suggestion, implication and inference and identification of how intended meanings have been communicated.
- Characters e.g. character archetypes, tropes and clichés, character descriptions, male and female descriptions, protagonists, antagonists, or minor characters, diversity and representation
- Character development e.g. Internal and external character development, character arcs, use of character maps
3: Research and produce a script for a film or TV product
- Ideas generation e.g. analysing a brief, research, brainstorming, discussion.
- Researching and preparing background material for scripts e.g. primary research, secondary research
- Primary research activities e.g. original interviews, focus groups, surveys, questionnaires, visits and observations
- Secondary research activities e.g. reading and analysing previously produced content on similar subjects, online forums/discussions and opinion pieces.
- Analysing materials collected e.g. quantitative and qualitative analysis, relevance, identifying facts and quotes for use in the script, inspiration for content.
- Producing a script proposal e.g. the title, an overview, genre, scenario, suggested target audience, unique selling points, product intentions, character briefs
- Produce script using appropriate linguistic conventions e.g. syntax, vocabulary, target audience considerations, allusion and reference, formal and colloquial language use, definition of terminology or jargon.
- Use appropriate presentation format e.g. word processed, formal tone and style, effective communication, industry expectations.
- Drafting and editing in light of feedback